Article summary written by Shyam Venka Thimaiah for discussion on 9/29/16:
Paper: Liguori C, Frauenfelder G, Massaroni C et al. Emerging Clinical Applications of Computed Tomography. Medical Devices: Evidence and Research 2015; 8: 265-278.
This research article discusses the development of CT from its early development as an offshoot of X-ray imaging research to its development in medical technologies. The authors explain in detail the physics behind X-ray attenuation, measurement, image processing, and major hardware components of CT imaging. This article further discusses several types of CT scans which include: MDCT, CT, and DECT along with the wide variety of current medical applications (ex:DECT imaging of the abdomen) that involve these different types of CT. Finally, a discussion of the future use and current research of CT is mentioned (such as CT thermometry) with hope that these applications will enhance the performance of medical procedures, improve accuracy of medical tests, and increase overall patient safety.